Researchers found that people who were live donors for liver transplantation believed they were well-informed on donation, but actually lacked comprehension of the subject, according to study data.
“Questions have been raised as to whether the current informed consent process adequately informs [live donors] about the risks of [living donor liver transplant],” the researchers wrote. “Inherent to the doctrine of informed consent is that the donor expresses their autonomy and assures that their consent is given voluntarily. Despite CMS requirements and Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network guidelines for informed consent of living donors, studies report inconsistencies and problems with the informed consent process.”
The researchers from Northwestern University, Chicago, used a prospective, mixed-methods approach to assess the overall comprehension of live donors throughout the process, including information needs, perceptions of risks of donation and perceptions of the adequacy of informed consent.
They conducted interviews with 30 live donors after completing donor evaluation and informed consent at the Comprehensive Transplant Center at Northwestern University. Likert scales were measured and informed on consent domains. The donors’ open-ended responses underwent thematic analysis. Continue reading