Racial gap in kidney transplant closes, but work remains

Bay News 9


A racial gap in kidney transplants appears to have closed, a 13-year study found.

Rates of such transplants among white patients used to far surpass those in blacks, but U.S. data on nearly 200,000 end-stage kidney disease patients shows that disparity had disappeared by 2010. Rates remained stable in 2011 and that trend likely has continued, said Dr. Jesse Sammon, the senior author and a urologist-researcher at the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit.

The rate among black patients climbed from 93 per 1,000 patients in 1998 to about 128 per 1,000 patients in 2010 and 2011. That was also the 2010-11 rate for whites, a slight decline from 1998.

The trend among blacks was "driven wholly by increased rates of transplants from deceased donors," the study authors said. About 80 percent of operations in blacks in 2011 were cadaver organs, which tend to fare worse than those from living donors. Continue reading