Racial Disparity in Kidney Transplant Outcomes Narrows: Study

Medline Plus | Mary Elizabeth Dallas

Rejections, early deaths on the decline among black organ recipients

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Racial disparities in kidney transplant outcomes are shrinking, new research indicates.

Previous studies had shown that black patients who received kidney transplants had worse outcomes compared with white patients. But a new analysis of roughly 200,000 kidney transplants revealed that the success of surgeries involving black people improved between 1990 and 2012, with fewer organ rejections and deaths among these patients.

The study authors compared information on almost 64,000 black and more than 145,400 white adults who received a kidney from a living or deceased donor.

The findings were published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

"We hypothesized that advances in immunosuppression and post-transplant management might differentially benefit black kidney transplant recipients, who were disproportionately burdened by immunological barriers, and contribute to reduced racial disparities in kidney transplant outcomes," study author Tanjala Purnell said in a journal news release. Continue reading